“The main objective of the green belt was to restrict urban sprawl and regulate and balance open versus built development and act as a sink for urban pollution,” claims the paper authored by Madhu Bharti and Shagun Mehrotra.
But this proposal met with resistance as land owners were unhappy with AMC’s compensation and challenged the plan in the court. In the 1980s and 1990s the report states, the city rapidly expanded beyond the municipal corporation limits, leading to fragmented urban expansion, particularly along the western fringes of the city.
“This fragmented development outside the city limits was partly attributed to the Urban Land Ceiling Act, 1976, which led to an artificial increase in land prices within the city limits. “Over time, many encroached on these green belt reserves to build houses,” states the WB paper. The Sardar Patel Ring Road was conceptualized in the 2001 revised development plan to facilitate integrated urban development along the metropolitan periphery of Ahmedabad.